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Old 18th August 2007, 06:33 PM   #1 (permalink)
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鬼的[[禁忌]]

民間雖然以爲鬼是比人強大的,常常能作祟于陽世間,給人帶來災難,但同時也認爲鬼是有所畏忌的。鬼對於它所 害怕的事物也是採取避忌的態度的。

鬼忌陽光
 
  中國民間有 “陰陽”兩界的說法。俗以爲人生活在“陽間”,鬼生活在“陰間”。人死爲鬼,亦即“歸陰”;鬼還可轉生爲人 (或其他動物),亦即“還陽”。人、鬼之間,雖然可以交往,如人夢中或靈魂出竅的時刻,可能會遊歷“陰曹地 府”,到陰間去走一趟,鬼在夜晚或陰暗的地方也會偷偷地跑到陽間來作祟、爲害一番。但是,一般說來,人、鬼 是不能互相來往的。這裏邊一個大的界限和障礙就在於太陽。人在白天活動,在陽光下活動,而太陽卻是鬼魂最害 怕的東西,光天化日之下,一切鬼都沒有躲藏的處所。所以在太陽將要出來時,鬼都要早早地逃匿而 去了。
  
鬼忌火
 
  火燃燒的時候,會發出火光。這種光亮和太陽的光亮很相似,只是沒有太陽的光亮那強烈。但對於鬼也有很 大的威懾力量。據說人走夜路時,如遇到鬼怪,只要點燃一把火,就會把鬼嚇跑的。沒有火種時,就用手撓頭發。 據說頭髮裏迸出的火星也有驅鬼避邪的能力。可見鬼是多忌見火光了。民間還常用火燒的辦法懲治惡鬼,據說大 火能把惡鬼 “燒死”。
  
鬼忌爆響
 
  木頭、竹子燃燒時,會發出 “劈劈叭叭”的響聲。據說這類響聲也是鬼所忌怕的。民間驅鬼避邪時燃放爆竹、鞭炮、土火炮等,就是依據的這 種俗信。
  
鬼忌紅色
 
  俗以爲鬼不敢觸碰紅色的東西。民間常以紅布、朱砂、動物的血液等物驅鬼避邪。
  
鬼忌燈
 
  燈,是有光亮的,其作用有類似太陽的地方;舊時的燈,又是靠火光照亮的,所以它是鬼所忌諱 的。
  
鬼忌銅
 
  鄂倫春族以爲鬼有躲開子彈的本領,但槍裏裝上銅扣子,鬼不能躲了。漢族舊時婚嫁,新婦上轎前,當胸要藏 一面古銅鏡,俗謂 “照妖鏡”。據說,有了這面鏡子,一些妖魔鬼怪便不敢來侵犯她了。
  
鬼忌雞鳴
 
  俗謂鬼懼雞,忌雞鳴。據說,鬼聞雞鳴會 “縮短”、“迸失”、“心懾怖而皆驚”。此類信仰,大約是由“雞鳴天亮”而來。鬼陰畏陽,雞屬陽,雞鳴則日 出,日出則鬼沒。故雲,雞爲鬼所忌。
  
鬼忌虎形
 
  民間常畫虎於門,或以虎形裝飾兒童(穿虎頭鞋,戴虎頭帽),據說可以避邪驅鬼。可見在民間的想象中,鬼 也像人一樣懼怕老虎、避忌老虎。
  
鬼忌革帶
 
  舊時,喪葬不用革帶。言鬼畏革帶。畏則懲之。《無何集》不同意此說,引《甕牖閑評》雲: “夫人之死不系革帶者,蓋帶乃牛革爲之,不欲以人屍與牛革混雜耳,而非畏革帶也。”
  
鬼忌桃木
 
  民間習以桃木做成弓箭、刀、棒,用來避邪驅鬼。據信,鬼惡、懼桃木。
  
鬼忌蘆索
 
  舊時民間過年時垂葦索于門,冀以禦凶驅鬼。《荊楚歲時記》雲: “元旦懸葦索於門,百鬼皆畏之。”畏則忌近之。
  
鬼忌米
 
  漢族民間以爲小米有驅除鬼魅防避邪祟的作用。河北定縣一帶,産婦滿月回娘家途中每過一個路口都要撒一把 米。否則,以爲會受到鬼魅的祟害。臺灣一帶,新娘下轎時,要由家人舉八卦米篩蓋在新娘頭上方可進入廳堂,此 亦是用與谷米有關的器物來避邪招福的習俗。小孩跌倒時,民間習以鹽米撒在跌倒處,相信如此即能把祟害小孩跌 倒的邪鬼趕走。撒鹽米還能驅走土神,使眼疾痊愈。喪葬時撒了鹽米之後,死者的鬼魂就不會加害扛棺的人了。江 蘇一帶在 “喊驚魂”的習俗中,也常用谷米作驅邪引魂的主要“道具”。可見,谷米是鬼魅所忌憚之物。
  
鬼忌豆
 
  俗以爲鬼忌豆類植物。雲南民間喜用赤豆作飯。傳說共工氏有不才子七人,死而爲厲鬼,性畏赤豆。河北一帶 ,新婦出嫁,須暗帶許多黑豆,到婆家撒在賓客身上和屋子四周。據說可防凶星。臘月二十三,祭後,人們喜用 小紅布袋裝上王爺前神馬飼料中的黑豆,縫於腰間。據說可以驅鬼消災。
  
鬼忌惡人
 
  俗語雲: “鬼怕惡人蛇怕棒。”惡人難纏。人兇惡得狠了,鬼也會害怕的。民間還傳說,不怕鬼的人,鬼就怕他了。怕則避 忌之。有些精靈甚至害怕“生人”。雲南族中有“叫飯魂”的習俗。據說叫飯魂時要阻止路人通過,只讓“飯魂 ”行走。俗以爲此時如有外人出現,會嚇跑“飯魂”。那樣象徵財富的“飯魂”就不能被叫到自己村中來了。按此 俗信,“飯魂”是忌遇生人的。
  
鬼忌尿
 
  俗信鬼忌穢物,如人尿、髒水等。據說走黑路遇到 “鬼打牆”,使你不得前進時,撒一泡尿,路就可以通了。漢族中有給孩子取髒名的習俗,也是希望小孩子不受或 少受鬼魅邪神的糾纏的意思。比如叫“尿壺”、“牛屎”、“狗蛋”、“不纏”等等。
  
鬼忌符咒
 
  漢族及其他一些民族相信是害怕符咒的。人們,尤其是有魔法(法術)能力的巫覡、方士、僧道等人所畫、所 念的符咒,據說是可以降服、驅逐鬼魅的。除了特殊情況下專門書寫、誦念的符咒之外,一般民間家 門上張貼的 “門神”、房院中書寫的“姜太公在此”、“泰山石敢當”等等也都有類似的作用和意義。據說有了這些符咒性質 的東西,鬼怪就不敢輕易進家門了。
  據信,鬼所害怕的東西還有很多,如,詩書、曆書、經書、卦書、漁網、刀槍、弓箭、茶葉、狗血、黑驢蹄等 等。這些,都可以使鬼怪畏懼、退卻,是鬼怪所避忌的事物。然而,所有這些都是屬於靜態方面的情況,除此之外 ,在動態方面,鬼的行爲也有許多忌諱。比如:
  
鬼忌寒暄
 
  鄂倫春族以爲,在陰間,鬼如看見已死的熟人,不能詢問,一問,鬼就會變成一把骨頭。
  
鬼忌討價
 
  鄂倫春族以爲,陰間也有鬼市。鬼市上搭的全是綠帳篷,在這裏賣東西的全是鬼。東西又好又便宜,但不能講 價錢。一討價還價,東西就不結實了,就變了。
  
鬼忌起疑心
 
  俗說 “淹死鬼”必須找一個落水當“替死鬼”,自己才能再生還陽。但是,如果落水人被救起時,人們說了一聲“還好 ”,淹死鬼就起了疑心,以爲沒有把落水人的靈魂裝進自己的竹管裏去,急急忙忙地把竹管塞子拔開來看,這時塞 在竹管裏的靈魂又會逃走,落水人會再復活,而原來的那個“淹死鬼”就不能轉生還陽了。
  
鬼忌錯投生
 
  俗以爲鬼在陰間做鬼,只要守規矩,好好幹,到一定時間會托生再到陽間。但是,鬼在投生時不能走錯了門。 否則,便不能托生爲人,而會托生成畜生。據說,鬼投生時,有兩扇門。一扇門裏很熱鬧,敲鑼打鼓的。但這扇門 裏不能進。因爲那些是投胎畜生的;另一扇門裏,是投胎人的。門裏邊非常冷清,非常黑暗,小鬼們都不情願進去 ,往往是被打著攆進去的。據說小孩子屁股上的烏青塊,便是被鬼攆打時留下的印記。
  
鬼忌生前犯罪
 
  有些鬼在陰間要遭受酷刑懲罰,據說是因爲他們在陽世間犯有罪孽。民間俗信以爲,人在生前(陽世間)如果 犯有罪惡,則死後必將遭到報應。因此鬼忌生前犯罪。據說,生前做好事多,死後很快就能托生(轉世、還陽), 並能有好運;生前做壞事多,再托生時,就要變成牛、馬、狗等畜類。生前淫蕩,死後要抱火柱子。生前浪費飯菜 ,死後要罰你吃掉自己作踐過的飯菜。生前吃牛、羊、豬肉,死後要反被牛、羊、豬等畜類魂所吃。生前撒謊,死 後就要被割舌。生前不燒香拜佛,死後要走黑暗之路。生前多妻或多夫,死後要被據開分配。生前虐待父母的,死 後要處以酷刑;跟父母瞪眼的,要用子吊眼睛,不聽父母話的,要把耳朵吊起來,打父母的,要把手釘起來。漢 族及其他一些民族中還傳說,陽世間犯過罪的人,死後要下十八層地獄。這十八層地獄及其作用分別 爲:
  (1)刮舌地獄:刮斷唆人,害人或爭訟之人的舌頭。
  (2)剪刀地獄:剪斷唆使人妻再嫁之人的手指。
  (3)鐵樹地獄:離間骨肉,挑唆父子、兄弟不和之人,吊于鐵樹之上。
  (4)孽鏡地獄:不吐真情之犯人,照此鏡而顯現罪狀。
  (5)蒸籠地獄:將長舌婦或陷害人之人,投入蒸籠蒸。
  (6)銅柱地獄:令放火害命者,裸體抱住銅柱筒。銅柱內燃燒炭火。
  (7)劍山地獄:瀆神殺牲者,令其裸體爬上劍山。
  (8)冰山地獄:害夫、唆人私通、墮胎、誘人賭博、不養父母、不義之人,令其裸體上冰山。
  (9)油鍋地獄:盜賊、欺善、拐騙、誣告、奸黨、謀占、掠奪之人,投入油鍋內炸。
  (10)牛坑地獄:傷人害畜者,投入坑中使牛觸殺。
  (11)石壓地獄:絞死人、壁斃小兒之人,放入大石間壓斃。
  (12)舂臼地獄:糟踏五穀,食間穢語者,放入臼內春殺。
  (13)血池地獄:難産、吐血、便血而死(見紅而死)之人,不敬、不孝、不正之人,投入血 池受苦。
  (14)枉死地獄:咬舌死、縊死、自盡死等人,關入枉死城牢獄。
  (15)磔刑地獄:掘墳扒墓之人,處磔刑。
  (16)火山地獄:犯戒僧道、損公肥私之人,放火燒山之人,趕入火山之中。
  (17)石磨地獄:糟踏五穀、做賊之人、吃葷僧道,放入石磨磨成肉醬。
  (18)刀鋸地獄:拐誘他人子弟婦女、買賣不公之人,用刀鋸斃。
  由此可見,鬼之忌實乃人之戒也。人不犯罪孽,則鬼不受懲處。所以,歸根結底,鬼的禁忌還是人的禁忌。只 不過是以折射、變形的方式反映出來而已



sorrie. i dunno hw to do translation. >.<

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Last edited by xiiaojjace; 18th August 2007 at 06:34 PM.
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Old 19th August 2007, 12:36 AM   #2 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

never mind , it's ok . v difficult to translate english .
i remember once , went to " sg " hawpar vila . 十八层地狱
can gain some knowledge afta going .. but think now demolished le .

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Old 19th August 2007, 05:17 AM   #3 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

not all are true....
but too lazy to correct....
cos written in chinese,lazy to do translation n explanation at the end of the day


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Old 19th August 2007, 08:51 AM   #4 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

Wow, too many taboos on ghost......some of which are not exactly true.....

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Old 19th August 2007, 12:29 PM   #5 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

wa piang ghost got so qi ciam meh? so many rules then might as well dont come up...

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Old 23rd August 2007, 08:10 PM   #6 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

Originally Posted by ACNS_COLD
never mind , it's ok . v difficult to translate english .
i remember once , went to " sg " hawpar vila . 十八层地狱
can gain some knowledge afta going .. but think now demolished le .
yah hard to translate.

last time i like to go hawpar villa !!
haha so many scary things to see.

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Old 23rd August 2007, 08:23 PM   #7 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

Originally Posted by ACNS_COLD
never mind , it's ok . v difficult to translate english .
i remember once , went to " sg " hawpar vila . 十八层地狱
can gain some knowledge afta going .. but think now demolished le .
last time is when ? i went this year . they still have . if i nv rmb wrongly they reduce to 8 only . and not as scary bah .

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Old 24th August 2007, 04:20 PM   #8 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

Originally Posted by danlovejc
last time is when ? i went this year . they still have . if i nv rmb wrongly they reduce to 8 only . and not as scary bah .
dan , i go at e age of 12 . Long Ago :biggrin4:

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Old 26th August 2007, 12:06 AM   #9 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

lol i'll do the translation then!

The Netherworld's [Taboos]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Although humanity believes that ghosts are supernaturally stronger than humans, and can often wreck havoc in the mundane world, bringing disasters to humanity, it too thinks that ghosts have their restrictions. Ghosts would also take preventive attitudes against things that they fear.

Ghosts fear Sunlight

In Chinese folklore, there are the realms of the Yin and the Yang. It is believed that Man lives in the realm of the Yang, whilst ghosts live in the realm of the Yin. When Man dies, he turns into a ghost, and is said to 'return to the Yin'; Ghosts can reincarnate as Man (or other animals), and is said to 'return to the Yang'. Between Man and Ghost, interaction can exist, such as in Man's dreams, or when a human's soul leaves the body, it may travel to 'Hell', and take a walk in the Netherworld. Ghosts may also turn up sneakily in the realm of the Yang at night or in dark places to wreck havoc and do harm. However, generally speaking, Man and Ghost are not supposed to interact. In that aspect, there is one large boundary and obstacle - the Sun. Man works in daylight, toiling under sunlight, and the Sun is one of the worst things that ghosts fear. In broad daylight, there would be no hiding place available for all ghosts. Therefore before the Sun appears, ghosts would long have fled into oblivion.

Ghosts fear Fire

Light is produced when fire burns. This type of light is very similar to that produced by the sun, only less intense. But it is a potentially powerful threat to ghosts. Legend has it that when Man walks the streets at night and meets ghosts, he only has to light a fire, and that would scare the ghosts away. When there is no spark, just use the hand to rub the hair. It is said that sparks evoked from the hair also has the power to chase away ghosts and avoid evil. From this we can see that ghosts are very much frightened of fire. The common folk also use fire to punish demons, because it is said that large fires can burn a demon to death.

Ghosts fear Loud Noise

When wood or bamboo is burnt, there would be 'piack piack' sounds. It is said that these types of noise are feared by ghosts too. Common folk use firecrackers, and pyrotechnics of the like to chase away ghosts, and it is according to such beliefs. 

Ghosts fear Red 

It is commonly believed that ghosts do not dare to touch red-coloured stuffs. Common folk usually use red cloth, red cinammon, the blood of animals and its like to chase away ghosts. 

Ghosts fear Lamps  

Light is emitted from lamps, and its use is similar to that of the Sun. Also, the lamps of the past were lit by fire, and therefore they are feared by ghosts.

Ghosts fear Bronzes  

The Elunchun tribe believes that ghosts have the ability to dodge bullets, but if the guns are fitted with bronze bullets, ghosts would not be able to dodge. Ancient Chinese weddings provide that before a new bride enters her bridal sedan, she must wear an old bronze mirror across her chest, also called the 'Mirror to Reveal (and Reflect) Devils'. It is said that with such a mirror, most devils and ghosts would not dare to offend her.

Ghosts fear Cockerel's Cry

It is commonly believed that ghosts are afraid of chickens and the cockerel's cry. It is said that when ghosts hear the cockerel's cry, they would diminish in length, disappear, and lose its guts and become alarmed. Such beliefs are probably largely due to the fact that cockerels' cries indicate the coming of dawn. Ghosts fear sunlight, and since the cockerels' cries indicate the coming of dawn, and when sunlight appears, ghosts would perish. Therefore it is said that chickens are what ghosts fear.

Ghosts fear the shape of the Tiger

Common folk often paint pictures of tigers at their doors, or apply Tiger-shaped makeup on their children (such as wearing Tiger-head shoes and Tiger-head caps, believing such to be able to chase away ghosts. From this we can see that the commoners' beliefs are that ghosts are similar to humans in that they both fear tigers.

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Gosh lol it's a little too much, I'm sleepy. Will update another day when I'm free.

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Old 26th August 2007, 11:17 PM   #10 (permalink)
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Re: 鬼的[[禁忌]]

Here's the continuation of the translation:

Ghosts Fear Leather Belts

In the old times, leather belts are not worn during burials. It is said that ghosts fear leather belts. And because they fear, they avoid it.

The book 'Collection of Nothing (literally)' disagrees with this, drawing an adage from the 'Unofficial Discussion of Deathly Issues': "Those who do not want to don leather belts on Old Madam's death, must wear the leather hides of cows for that purpose. We do not wish to mix our souls with that of the dead, and therefore the cow hide would siphon us from the dead. It is not because the dead fear leather belts.

Ghosts Fear Peach Trees

Common folks are accustomed to using peach wood to make bows and arrows, sabres, rods, and also to avoid evil and chase away ghosts. According to beliefs, ghosts and all that is evil, are afraid of peach wood.

Ghosts Fear Reed Ropes

In the old times, common folk would hang reed ropes on their gates during new year's celebrations, so as to expel evil ghosts and ominous occurrences. The book 'Journals of the Occurrence of Jing Chu' says: "When you tie reed ropes to your gates on New Year's Day, all hundreds of types of ghosts would fear it." And because they fear it, they maintain a certain proxmity from it.

Ghosts Fear Rice

Chinese common folk believe that rice have the ability to expel evil spirits and avoid evil doings. In the Ding county region of Hebei province, a pregnant woman on returning to her hometown during the first month of gestation would be required to scatter a handful of rice at every junction. Otherwise, it is believed that she will be harmed by ghosts. In Taiwan, new brides on alighting from her bridal sedan, would be required to allow her in-laws to cap her head with a special 'Eight-Diagram Rice Sieve' before she enters the guest hall. Its use as a tool related to rice is also tantamount to the custom of expelling evil and inviting prosperity. When a child falls, the folk are used to 'washing' the wounded area with salted rice, believing that it would chase away the ghosts that caused the child to fall down. Salted rice can also chase away the Earth Deity (huh? y chase him away?), causing eye sicknesses to heal. After scattering salted rice during burial, the ghost of the deceased would not then harm the pallbearers. In the region of Jiangsu, there is a custom of 'Yelling to Scare Ghosts', and they also make use of rice as one of the main 'tools' to chase away ghosts. Therefore it can be seen that ghosts fear rice.

Ghosts Fear Beans

It is commonly believed that ghosts fear bean-type plants. The folks of Yunnan love to use red beans as a staple food. Legend has it that the house of Gong-gong has seven stupid children, who died and turned into vicious ghosts, but they are naturally afraid of red beans. In the Hebei region, it is required for a new bride on her wedding day to hide on herself lots of black beans, so that she could bring to her in-laws' house and scatter on the bodies of the guests, as well as the four corners of the house. It is believed to defend against the appearance of ominous stars (in this case, referring to jinxed people). On the 23rd of December, after paying their respects to the dead, people like to use small red cloth bags to store black beans obtained from the Prince's Ex-superhorse's fodder (don't know where this comes from), and tie the bags to their waists. It is said that this would chase away ghosts and prevent disasters.

Ghosts Fear Bad People

Adage goes that: "Ghosts fear bad people, as snakes fear the rod." Bad people are difficult to disturb. When humans turn ferocious or vicious, even the ghosts would be afraid. It is also said in folklore that if a human does not fear even the ghosts, then ghosts would be afraid of him. So when they fear him, they distance themselves from him. Some spirits (in western culture they are called elves) are even afraid of the living. In Yunan, a certain tribe has the custom of "calling on rice ghosts". It is said that during the time of calling on the rice ghosts, pedestrians are forbidden from passing through the area, except only for the rice ghosts to pass. It is believed that if a human appears, the rice ghosts would be scared away. When the rice ghosts are scared away, they, believed to bring prosperity, would then not be able to be called into the village anymore. Therefore according to this belief, rice ghosts are afraid of meeting living people.

Ghosts Fear Urine

It is commongly believed that ghosts fear dirty things, like human's urine, and dirty water. It is said that when you walk into the dark paths and meet the occurrence of 'Ghost creating a Wall in front of you', causing you to not be able to proceed, just pee on the floor and the road will be accessible. There is a custom of giving children vulgar names in the Chinese race, but it is all so that the child would not be disturbed by evil spirits, or at least less disturbed. Such names include "Urinary Pot", "Cow Dung", "Dog Egg", "No Possession", etc.

Ghosts Fear Charms and Curses

Not only the Chinese, but several other civilisations are believed to fear charms and curses. The charms and curses drawn and chanted by people with magic and sorcery, such as witches and sorcerers, alchemists, Taoists and Buddhists, are believed to be capable of subduing and expelling evil spirits. Besides drawing and chanting custom made charms and curses under special circumstances, most folks would stick the pictures of "Door Guards" on their doors, and write on their room doors "Jiang Tai-Gong resides here", and "The rocks of Mount Tai are here to blockade", etc. These have similar uses and purposes. It is said that by having such things that entail the meanings of charms and curses, ghosts and demons would not dare to enter the home without thinking twice.

It is said that there are many things that ghosts fear, such as literature, history, religious scriptures, fortune telling books, fishing nets, sabres and spears, bows and arrows, tea leaves, dog blood, blackened donkey hoofs, etc. All these, as things that ghosts fear, can be used to cause fear to the ghosts and demons, who would retreat. However, all of these things belong to the category of passive measures. Other than that, on the category of active measures, there are many things that ghosts fear, such as:

Ghosts Fear Exchanges of Greetings 

The Elunchun tribe belives that in the Netherworld, when ghosts meet a deceased person whom they know, they are not supposed to ask about the other ghost. If they do, they would turn into a piece of bone.

Ghosts Fear Bargaining

The Elunchun tribe believes that there are markets in the Netherworld. The ghosts markets are canopied with green tentages, and the buyers within are al ghosts. The merchandise are both good and cheap, but there would be no bargaining. Once there are bargainings, the merchandise would not be solid, and its quality would change.

Ghosts Fear Suspicion

It is said that a ghost that died on drowning would have to find a 'ghost that dies on behalf (in western context, 'scapegoat')', in order for it to return to the realm of the Yang.

However, if a person who is drowning has been rescued, and his rescuers say: 'Just nice,' the ghost that died on drowning would become suspicious, thinking that the soul person who has dropped into the water has not been captured into his bamboo cylinder. Then the ghost would hurriedly open up the bamboo cylinder to see, and at this moment the soul that has been stored inside would escape, and the drowned person would become alive. The ghost however, would never have a second chance at reincarnating.

Ghosts Fear Wrongful Reincarnation  

It is commonly believed that ghosts inhibiting the Netherworld just have to keep to the rules and do their part well, to be able to qualify for reincarnation when the time comes. However, ghosts must not walk into the wrong door when they reincarnate. Otherwise, they cannot reincarnate as human, but as an animal. It is believed that ghosts on reincarnation are given 2 doors. One of the doors lead to a noisy and lively place, where there are drums and gongs. However this is the door that ghosts must not enter, because this door is meant for reincarnation as animals. The other door is thus for reincarnating as humans. That door is very cold and quiet, very dark, and ghosts would be unwilling to enter. It is always the case that they are beaten and kicked into that door. It is said that if a newborn child's backside has a baluku, it is evidence of the ghost being beaten on the backside when he was forced through that door.

Ghosts Fear Committing Crimes In Their Mortal Lives

Some ghosts have to be punished with brutal tortures in the Netherworld, and it is believed to be because they have committed crimes in their time in the realm of the Yang. Folklore belives that humans who commit crimes before death (in the realm of the Yang), would receive their retribution after they die. Therefore ghosts fear themselves having committed crimes in their mortal lives. It is believed that if you do more good deeds in your mortal life, you will be very quickly reincarnated after death (return to the realm of the Yang), and also have good luck. When you commit many crimes in your mortal life, you will reincarnate as a cow, horse, dog or some other animal of the like. If you are adulterous in life, you will be sentenced to hug a pillar of fire after death. If you waste food and vegetables, you will be sentenced to gorge on all the rotten food that you have wasted. If you eat the meat of cows, goats and pigs, you will be eaten by the souls of these animals. If you lie, you will be sentenced to have your tongue cut out. If you do not burn josticks and worship the gods, you will be made to walk in the dark in your afterlife. If you have many wives or husbands, you will be cut apart, each part of your body allotted to your wives/husbands. If you abuse your parents, you will be subjected to brutal tortures in your afterlife. If you stare at your parents, you will be sentenced to hanging by your eyes. If you do not listen to your parents, you will be sentenced to hanging by your ears. If you beat your parents, you will be nailed by the hands. Chinese and several other civilisations too believe that if you commit crimes in your mortal life, you will be banished in your afterlife to the 18th level of Hell. These 18 level of Hell and their tortures are listed as follows:

(1) Hell of Tongue-Cutting: Cut the tongues of people who are quarrelsome, imposing and harmful.
(2) Hell of Scissors: Cut the fingers of people who encourage peoples' wives to remarry.
(3) Hell of Iron Trees: Hanging people who cause conflict in family and disharmony between father and son, and between brothers, on the Iron Trees.
(4) Hell of Evil Mirrors: Reflect in the Mirror the truth of people's lies.
(5) Hell of Steaming Cage: Dump into the steaming cage gossipers as well as bad-mouthers, to steam.
(6) Hell of Bronze Pillars: Tie arsonists naked to a bronze pillar and set the pillar alight from within.
(7) Hell of Mountain of Swords: Make murderers climb up the Mountain of Swords naked.
(8) Hell of Mountain of Ice: Make people who harm their husbands, encourage people to commit adultery, abort foetuses, encourage people to gamble, do not take care of their parents, and people who do not keep promises, climb up the Mountain of Ice naked.
(9) Hell of Pot of Burning Oil: Throw thieves, corruptists, kidnappers, accusers, gangsters, usurpers, and robbers, into the Pot of Burning Oil to fry.
(10) Hell of Cow Pit: Throw people who hurt people and kill their pets, into the Cow Pit to be charged to death.
(11) Hell of Stone Crushing: Throw people who strangle and suffocate people's children, into the pit and be crushed to death by stone.
(12) Hell of Granary: Put people who spoil grain and speak filth when eating, into the granary to be stuffed with grain till they die.
(13) Hell of Blood Pool: Throw people who have miscarriage, puke blood, faint at the sight of blood, are disrespectful, are unfilial, are crooked, into the blood pool to suffer.
(14) Hell of Unnatural Death: Imprison people who die by biting their tongue, cut their wrists or commit suicide.
(15) Hell of Dismemberment: Dismember tomb-raiders.
(16) Hell of Mountain of Fire: Chase people who have committed crimes against their religious beliefs, fatten their pockets at the expense of their benefactors, and arsonists, into the Mountain of Fire.
(17) Hell of Stone Mill: Put people who waste grain, thieve and monks who eat meat, into the stone mill to be ground into meat paste.
(18) Hell of Sabres and Saws: Subject people who kidnap other's women, and carry out unfair business, to be cut and sawed to death.

From this we can see that ghosts' fears are actually the same as humans' fears. As long as human do not commit crimes, ghosts would not be punished. Therefore at the root of the problem, ghosts' taboos are still humans' taboos. It is just that it is refracted, and skewed to reflect itself in the more supernatural way.

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Phew! Done! Hope you guys like this!

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